Feeling sad and lonely sometimes is a part of normal life. But when these emotions just get overwhelmed and take hold for a longer period, then it’s not good. If these emotions or feelings are keeping you from leading an active life, then you may have depression. People sometimes are not able to recognise the signs and symptoms of depression which may cause them to live their lives in dismay or in sadness.
Sometimes depression as a word is used to describe the bad day at work or when you are going through some relationship issues.
But major depression disorder is much more critical than this.
The signs and symptoms of depression may be different for both male and female. Men usually feel angry and restless when they are depressed.
It’s important to recognise the different symptoms and types of depression, so that you can overcome this black hole in your life. If left untreated it can become a serious health condition and may hinder your and your loved ones life.
Read the article below to know the different signs and symptoms of depression.
Common Signs and Symptoms for Depression
What are signs and symptoms of depression?
The symptoms of depression vary from person to person. But there are some common signs which are important to understand. Remember that these symptoms are also a part of a person’s normal life, but you need to focus on the long lasting one. The more strong symptoms you have and the longer it will last, then there are chances of you having depression.
Here are the common signs and symptoms for depression:
When you are depressed you don’t feel good about yourself, which affects your life in general. You started having a bleak outlook for your life.
You feel that nothing is working right and it’s all your fault. Also, You may started questioning yourself.
Other feelings may include self- hate , worthlessness or inappropriate guilt.
Change in Appetite and Weight
Significant change of appetite is another sign of depression. It can have a different effect on each individual.
For some people food turns out to be a comforting thing to them, while other people lose interest in it. The loss and gain of appetite depends on individual to individual.
This change in appetite causes a drastic effect on weight. A person might gain or lose weight according to its appetite.
This dramatic weight change also affects the individual’s self esteem.
When a person is depressed he shows some signs of uncontrolled emotions. He/She may be feeling happy right now, but in a moment their emotions get changed and they may start crying.
Also, sometimes you may feel very weak and have a very bad emotional outburst. Your emotions have major ups and downs in a moment. These mood swings can be a cause of depression.
While there is no solid evidence to link depression with anxiety, sometimes depression can lead to anxiety as well. Depression can lead to restlessness, nervousness, panic, heavy sweating etc. Some of these problems may give rise to even bigger problems as well like rapid heart rate, heartburn, rapid breathing etc. One thing to notice here is that these are the symptoms of anxiety as well, so we can easily conclude that most of the time depression and anxiety occur together.
Alcohol or Drug use
Sometimes people use alcohol or drugs to cope up with their sadness and loneliness.
They got dependent on these drugs and alcohol to suppress their mood swings and to run out from the situation.
According to a report from the Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADDA), around 1 in every 5 people in the United States with anxiety and mood disorders have alcohol or substance use disorders.
Looking at Death
Usually people with depression have a suicidal feeling. It is reported that in 2003, more than 42,000 please died from suicide in United States.
Usually people with depression show suicidal symptoms first, before making any attempt in ending their life. You need to understand these symptoms to help the person.
If you think someone is in urge of self-harming or hurting others:
- Don’t leave the person alone .
- Call the emergency helpline and ask for help.
- If the person is having any object like a gun, knife or medication with them, remove immediately from there.
- Try to calm the person, listen to him/her what he/she wants to say instead of judging or arguing in that situation.
Also, if you find somebody having suicidal symptoms, try to get help for the person and talk to him about the same. Tell him that he/she is not alone.
Hidden depression is also referred to as ‘smiling depression’. Usually people with depression hide their symptoms by putting a mask of happiness around themselves.
But this can be difficult to hide their feelings for a longer period of time. They will start showing their loneliness, sadness or hopelessness within no time. You just need to understand the situation of the person and instead of judging, you should support the person and tell him that you are here for him.
Depression can lead to minimal or almost no interest in normal activities that are part of an individual’s daily routine. You will feel no joy and motivation in doing things that excited you
at one time. A person suffering from depression does not have an idea of his or her surroundings as well, he or she may not be bothered by the changes in his surroundings and things that may be affecting his or her daily life negatively. Depression may also cause loss of interest in sex life of a person.
Increased fatigue and sleep problems
A person living under depression may experience fatigue and excessive or deprived sleep problems at some point. The reason behind a sudden loss of interest in the things you enjoy doing can be tiredness or fatigue. Lack of energy or physical activity will result in a feeling of fatigue which will lead to excessive sleeping throughout the day. On the opposite, depression may lead to deprived sleep as well also known as insomnia. A person suffering from depression will spend most of the time in excessive thinking which can lead to lack of quality sleep or rest.
Physical Pains and Health Disorders
These mental health conditions have some physical consequences too. With fatigue and weight loss it has some other physical issues such as:
- Chronic pain condition
- Digestive problems
- Changes in menstruation cycle
People with major depression are more likely to experience:
- Autoimmune condition
- Heart disease
- Diabetes type-2
Low Sex Drive
According to some health professionals, changes in sex drive is the key indicator of major depression.
Due to depression a person’s libido might get decreased with many other reasons, which includes:
- Fatigue and low energy
- Low self-esteem
- And lost of interest in pleasurable activities like sex.
How do Depression Symptoms vary with age and gender
Depression Symptoms vary according to age and gender. The symptoms in men might not be the same as women and in older adults.
Let’s discuss the signs and symptoms of depression according to age and gender in details:
Depression in men
Depressed men are more likely to show aggression and irritability. They will feel hopeless and self-loathing. They also show disinterest in work and sleep problems. Also, They usually try to cope up by relying on drugs and alcohol.
Depression in women
Women generally have uncontrolled emotional outbreaks when they are depressed. They show symptoms of pronounced feelings of guilt, oversleeping and overeating.
Sometimes depression in women is also impacted due to changes in hormonal function, pregnancy, during menstruation and menopause.
Depression in older adults
Older adults usually show the physical symptoms of depression like headache, fatigue, memory problems, unexplained pain.
They show minimal emotional symptoms. When they are depressed, they stop taking their medication which critically affects their health.
Depression in Teens
Nowadays the depression count is increasing in teens. Teens who have major depression get into substance abuse to suppress their feelings. The most noticeable symptoms of depression in Teens are irritability, anger and aggression. They also show some kind of physical pain like headache or stomach ache.
You feel these symptoms or notice the same in any individual for more than a month, then there is a possibility that you might be having depression.
It is important to recognise these symptoms so that you can take help.
It’s important to seek consultation for the same. Getting help is important, there is no need to hide it. Many people suffer from this situation, and there are millions of treatments for the same.
It’s important to talk about it instead of hiding.
So,if you find somebody suffering from the same then try to help him out and tell him that you are there for him.
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